How To Properly Tune Guitar
The key element in tuning your guitar with no help in matching up the sounds is finding low E. There is no way for you to find low E, unless you have perfect pitch, which few of us do. So you must use one of the following methods to find low E. Use a pitch pipe. This is a little tuning device that any music store carries. Blow into the pipe marked Low E, begin turning the tuning heads, and match the sound of the rising string to the sound of the pitch pipe, or use an electronic guitar tuner. Bring up (tune) the string until the sound is in the middle of the grid or, depending on the tuner, when a little green light illuminates telling you the
string is tuned at E, or Use a piano. If you have a piano available, take your guitar to the piano and play the second E below middle C. Turn the tuning heads until you match the tones. You now are at low E on the 6th string. Once you have tuned the 6th
(string (the fattest string) to low E, you can either proceed to use your pitch pipe, electronic guitar tuner, or piano to tune each remaining string. Remember the names of the notes: 6th string (fattest string) = E (low-E) 5th string = A 4th string = D 3rd string – = G 2nd string = B 1st string (thinnest string) =E (high E) .What if you are playing and don’t have a pitch pipe, guitar tuner, or
piano? The method I describe below will teach you to tune your guitar using your ear as your guide. Your 6th string is now at low E, or very close to low E. If it’s a little off — ﬂat (lower) or sharp (higher) —- it won’t matter, as long as you’re playing solo. If you’re playing with someone else, your 6th string must be totally in tune. But for now, let’s say you’ve tuned your guitar , and you go to a friend’s house to show him your guitar. You get there, you play a chord, and it sounds terribly out of tune. Here’s what you do: Press the 5th fret of the 6th string. Play the note. Match the 5th string (A) open sound by turning the tuning
head to the sound of the 6th string, 5th fret. You really have to listen. Practice going a little above and a little below.
How To Properly Tune Guitar
The goal is to duplicate the 5th string (A) sound to the 6th string, 5th fret -sound. Now your E and A strings are in tune. Press the 5th fret of the A string — the 5th string (the one you – just tuned) — and match the D string (the 4th string) sound to the 5th fret of the 5th string sound. Now you have the 6th, 5th,and 4th strings are in tune with one another. DON’T SKIP THE NEXT PART, BECAUSE IT’S DIFFERENT! Press the 4th fret (not the 5th fret) of the 3rd string and match that sound to the 2nd string . Again, listen carefully. Go a little. above or below until you get exactly the same tone. Now you have tuned the’6th (E), 5th (A), 4th (D), 3rd (G), and 2nd (B) strings. Press the 5th fret of the 2nd string and match that sound with the 1st string (E). (We are back to the 5th fret this time.) Now your guitar is in tune with itself. You might need minor tuning adjustments, but you can tune a guitar beautifully this way. So wherever you are, you can now tune your guitar. You did it — in tune! Congratulations!